Extrapontine Myelinolysis and Pituitary Tumor Apoplexy in Pregnancy

Extrapontine Myelinolysis and Pituitary Tumor Apoplexy in Pregnancy Background Pituitary tumor apoplexy (PTA) is an uncommon but potentially fatal clinical emergency resulting from abrupt ischemic infarction or hemorrhage of the pituitary tumor. A variety of precipitating factors has been linked to PTA, including pregnancy. However, gestational pituitary apoplexy is limited to isolated

Sugammadex versus Neostigmine in Thyroidectomy

Sugammadex versus Neostigmine in Thyroidectomy Today, many operations require changes in the level of intraoperative neuromuscular blockade. Historically, the drug neostigmine has been used to reverse the neuromuscular blockade, even if it was risky and the speed of reversal was unsatisfactory. There are also several related problems caused by neostigmine including

SGLT inhibitors on weight and lipid metabolism in diabetes

SGLT inhibitors on weight and lipid metabolism in diabetes Diabetes mellitus (DM), is a diagnostic term for a group of metabolic disorders characterized by abnormal glucose homeostasis resulting in elevated blood sugar. Almost 90% of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Currently, more than 463 million people are living

Saxagliptin: Obese Patients with Impaired Glucose Tolerance

Saxagliptin in Obese Patients with Impaired Glucose Tolerance Obesity is a major cause of type 2 diabetes. When a person has diabetes, he or she will have reduced glucose uptake, altered lipogenesis, and increased glucose output by the liver. The cause of this disruption in insulin relates to a chronic inflammatory

Levothyroxine Therapy and Depression

Levothyroxine Therapy and Depression Subclinical hypothyroidism is a condition defined as elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels in combination with free thyroxine levels within the reference range. It is an early form of hypothyroidism, a condition in which the body doesn't produce enough thyroid hormones. The term “subclinical” refers to the serum

Grave’s Disease and Risk of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Grave's disease and risk of incident SLE: A nationwide population-based cohort study BACKGROUND Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, systemic autoimmune disease that causes damage to multiple tissues and organs, including the thyroid gland. Several authors have linked Grave’s disease, an autoimmune disease characterized by an overactive thyroid gland, to incident

Benign Thyroid Nodule Removal and Patient Satisfaction

Benign Thyroid Nodule Removal and Patient Satisfaction The thyroid plays an important role in producing hormones that the blood carries to every tissue in the body. The thyroid helps regulate metabolism, the process by which the body turns food into energy, and keeps the organs functioning properly by helping the body

Cardiac Effects and Risks Among Thyroid Cancer Patients