Kidney Stone Disease And Osteoporosis

Kidney Stone Disease And Osteoporosis A substantial proportion of veterans with kidney stones face the prospect of developing fractures or osteoporosis, underscoring the absence of established screening guidelines within this demographic. Through an analysis of nationwide data encompassing 9025 patients, the current investigation seeks to ascertain the potential correlation between diminished

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy: Long-Term Effectiveness

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy: Long-Term Effectiveness Overview The study aimed to conduct a comprehensive audit spanning seven years with a three-year follow-up at a high-volume stone center that specializes in extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). The primary objectives were to assess the efficacy of ESWL in stone clearance in comparison to existing

Urine Volume And The Incidence Of Kidney Stones

Urine Volume And The Incidence Of Kidney Stones Kidney stone disease poses a significant health challenge, impacting nearly one in 11 individuals in the United States. Not only does it result in substantial morbidity, but it also leads to a considerable utilization of healthcare resources.  In the pursuit of preventing stone disease,

Transfusion-Dependent Thalassemia: Iron Overload And Organ Dysfunction

Transfusion-Dependent Thalassemia: Iron Overload And Organ Dysfunction Transfusion-dependent thalassemia (TDT) is an inherited blood disorder found most often in the Middle East and Africa. In places like Iran, beta-thalassemia, a more common type, has major and minor subtypes. The severe form, called Cooley's anemia, lacks beta protein in hemoglobin, making regular

Prostate Cancer Detection Using Urine Glycoproteins

Prostate Cancer Detection Using Urine Glycoproteins Overview In a recent study, researchers investigated the potential of using pre-digital rectal examination (DRE) urine specimens to detect aggressive prostate cancer (AG-PCa) by comparing glycoproteins found in pre- and post-DRE urine samples. The study involved 154 pre-DRE urine specimens from individuals with no cancer at

Lithium Effects On Renal Function In Geriatric Patients

Lithium Effects On Renal Function In Geriatric Patients Overview The practice of augmenting antidepressant therapy with lithium, known as Lithium Augmentation (LA), is considered a primary treatment option for individuals suffering from Treatment-Resistant Depression (TRD). However, in the case of geriatric patients, this approach is notably underutilized due to concerns surrounding potential

AKI In Alcohol-Related Hepatitis

AKI In Alcohol-Related Hepatitis The prevalence, prediction, and impact of acute kidney injury (AKI) in alcohol-related hepatitis (AH) remain uncertain. AH is the most severe form of alcohol-related liver disease (ARLD) with a 30% mortality rate within 90 days, often aggravated by AKI, either as a primary or secondary cause. Research suggests

PD-1/L1 Inhibitors: Treatment Efficacy In Urothelial Carcinoma

PD-1/L1 Inhibitors: Treatment Efficacy In Urothelial Carcinoma Overview Programmed cell death‐1/ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) inhibitors represent a novel therapeutic approach for advanced urothelial carcinoma, prompting the need for a comparative assessment of their effectiveness and safety in comparison to traditional chemotherapy. To address this, a comprehensive meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials conducted until

Serum Potassium Levels And Mortality Risk in CKD

Serum Potassium Levels And Mortality Risk in CKD Overview The study delved into the impact of serum potassium levels on the health of elderly individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 4-5. Hypokalemia and hyperkalemia were recognized as contributors to kidney function decline and sudden cardiac death. However, limited knowledge exists about

Chronic Hyponatremia in Acute Heart Failure

Chronic Hyponatremia in Acute Heart Failure Overview This study aimed to comprehensively assess hyponatremia in patients with acute heart failure (AHF), focusing on its prevalence, associations, hospital course, and post-discharge outcomes. The research analyzed a cohort of 8,298 AHF patients from the European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure Long-Term Registry, regardless of

Kidney Stone Disease And Osteoporosis