Extrapontine Myelinolysis and Pituitary Tumor Apoplexy in Pregnancy

Extrapontine Myelinolysis and Pituitary Tumor Apoplexy in Pregnancy Background Pituitary tumor apoplexy (PTA) is an uncommon but potentially fatal clinical emergency resulting from abrupt ischemic infarction or hemorrhage of the pituitary tumor. A variety of precipitating factors has been linked to PTA, including pregnancy. However, gestational pituitary apoplexy is limited to isolated

Sugammadex versus Neostigmine in Thyroidectomy

Sugammadex versus Neostigmine in Thyroidectomy Today, many operations require changes in the level of intraoperative neuromuscular blockade. Historically, the drug neostigmine has been used to reverse the neuromuscular blockade, even if it was risky and the speed of reversal was unsatisfactory. There are also several related problems caused by neostigmine including

Esophageal Cancer: Pembrolizumab VS Chemotherapy treatment?

Esophageal Cancer: Pembrolizumab VS Chemotherapy treatment? Esophageal cancer is cancer that occurs in the esophagus. The esophagus plays an important role in digesting food it helps in moving the food you swallow down to your stomach. Esophageal cancer is the seventh most common cancer and the sixth most common cause of cancer-related

Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Meta‑Analysis Review of Therapy

Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Meta‑Analysis Review of Therapy Background In 2021, there will be an estimated 76,080 new cases of kidney cancer in the US (48,780 in men and 27,300 in women) and about 13,780 patients (4,990 women, 8,790 men) will die from this disease. The most common form of kidney

Thermography in clinical ophthalmic oncology

THERMOGRAPHY AS A SCREENING TOOL IN CLINICAL OPHTHALMIC ONCOLOGY STUDY BACKGROUND Although intraocular tumors are rare, with an incidence of 5 per million adults, the diagnosis has been biased towards the physical examination, Color Doppler Imaging (CDI), Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), Indocyanine Green Angiography (ICGA), or Fluorescein Angiography (FA). Literature reviews suggest

Involvement of Ocular Surface in Graft‐Versus‐Host Disease: A Review

Involvement of Ocular Surface in Graft-Versus-Host Disease: A Review Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a promising curative therapy for hematologic malignancies and other disorders of blood and bone marrow. Historically, HSCT was referred to as bone marrow transplantation (BMT) because bone marrow was the sole source of transplanted hematopoietic stem

Using Ultrasound to Analyze Malignant and Benign Orbital Space-Occupying Lesions

Using Ultrasound to Analyze Malignant and Benign Orbital Space-Occupying Lesions Most orbital space-occupying lesions come from tissues in the orbital space or metastasize from other system tumors. The bulk of clinical manifestations of these lesions such as diplopia, protrusion, and loss of vision are often nonspecific, so imaging technology is crucial

Risk Factors for Ocular Metastases in Invasive Ductal Carcinoma

Risk Factors for Ocular Metastases in Invasive Ductal Carcinoma Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), also known as infiltrating ductal carcinoma, is the most common type of breast cancer, accounting for about 72% of all cases. IDC can occur at any age, but many people are over the age of 55 at the

Myelofibrosis – Biology, Management, and Case Report of Ocular Manifestation

MF-BIOLOGY, MANAGEMENT, AND CASE REPORT OF OCULAR MANIFESTATION Myelofibrosis is an uncommon myeloproliferative neoplasm, a type of blood cancer where excess red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets are produced in the bone marrow.  The rarity of this abnormality has many medical professionals struggling to understand its genetic underpinnings. This

Extrapontine Myelinolysis and Pituitary Tumor Apoplexy in Pregnancy