Extrapontine Myelinolysis and Pituitary Tumor Apoplexy in Pregnancy

Extrapontine Myelinolysis and Pituitary Tumor Apoplexy in Pregnancy Background Pituitary tumor apoplexy (PTA) is an uncommon but potentially fatal clinical emergency resulting from abrupt ischemic infarction or hemorrhage of the pituitary tumor. A variety of precipitating factors has been linked to PTA, including pregnancy. However, gestational pituitary apoplexy is limited to isolated

SGLT inhibitors on weight and lipid metabolism in diabetes

SGLT inhibitors on weight and lipid metabolism in diabetes Diabetes mellitus (DM), is a diagnostic term for a group of metabolic disorders characterized by abnormal glucose homeostasis resulting in elevated blood sugar. Almost 90% of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Currently, more than 463 million people are living

Grave’s Disease and Risk of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Grave's disease and risk of incident SLE: A nationwide population-based cohort study BACKGROUND Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, systemic autoimmune disease that causes damage to multiple tissues and organs, including the thyroid gland. Several authors have linked Grave’s disease, an autoimmune disease characterized by an overactive thyroid gland, to incident

Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Meta‑Analysis Review of Therapy

Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Meta‑Analysis Review of Therapy Background In 2021, there will be an estimated 76,080 new cases of kidney cancer in the US (48,780 in men and 27,300 in women) and about 13,780 patients (4,990 women, 8,790 men) will die from this disease. The most common form of kidney

Thermography in clinical ophthalmic oncology

THERMOGRAPHY AS A SCREENING TOOL IN CLINICAL OPHTHALMIC ONCOLOGY STUDY BACKGROUND Although intraocular tumors are rare, with an incidence of 5 per million adults, the diagnosis has been biased towards the physical examination, Color Doppler Imaging (CDI), Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), Indocyanine Green Angiography (ICGA), or Fluorescein Angiography (FA). Literature reviews suggest

Technology-assisted methadone take-home dosing for patients with opioid use disorder

Technology-assisted methadone take-home dosing for patients with opioid use disorder Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is the most prevalent and effective treatment for opioid dependence. Sometimes, ‘take home’ privileges are offered to patients with Opioid Use Disorder (OUD); however, it is limited to the patients with regular clinical and counseling attendance, and

Involvement of Ocular Surface in Graft‐Versus‐Host Disease: A Review

Involvement of Ocular Surface in Graft-Versus-Host Disease: A Review Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a promising curative therapy for hematologic malignancies and other disorders of blood and bone marrow. Historically, HSCT was referred to as bone marrow transplantation (BMT) because bone marrow was the sole source of transplanted hematopoietic stem

Risk Factors for Ocular Metastases in Invasive Ductal Carcinoma

Risk Factors for Ocular Metastases in Invasive Ductal Carcinoma Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), also known as infiltrating ductal carcinoma, is the most common type of breast cancer, accounting for about 72% of all cases. IDC can occur at any age, but many people are over the age of 55 at the

Genetic Mutations for Predicting Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Susceptibility

Genetic Mutations for Predicting Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Susceptibility Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the deadliest malignancy representing about 90% of all pancreatic cancers. PDAC progresses asymptomatically until death and is refractory to most treatment methods. Surgery is the most effective treatment. Nevertheless, it is well known that only 15-20% of PDAC

3D MRI FOR NON-INVASIVE OCULAR PROTON THERAPY

3D MRI in Non-Invasive Proton Therapy Treatment Planning of Uveal Melanomas Uveal melanoma (UM) is a rare subset of melanoma, but is the most common primary intraocular tumor in adults. In 85% of cases, melanocytes in the choroid are affected. UM can occasionally arise from the ciliary body or iris. With

Extrapontine Myelinolysis and Pituitary Tumor Apoplexy in Pregnancy