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Medical TERMINOLOGY

[ 1 ] Quick Introduction.

[ 2 ] Word Building Reference: new icon   This is a great reference to help strengthen your understanding of medical terminology.   See how common medical terms are created using the various prefixes, suffixes, and root words.

[ 3 ]  Medical Terms – Singular versus plural rules

[ 4 ]  Medical Terminology Exams  new icon   Twenty new exams were created to test your knowledge of medical terminology.

[ 5 ]  Medical Terms – Prefixes, roots, suffixes (see links below)

Prefix: A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning. Pre means “before.” Prefixes may also indicate a location, number, or time.
Root: central part of a word.
Suffix: The ending part of a word that modifies the meaning of the word.
Example: cholecystitis. Root = ‘cholecyst/o’ -Definition: gallbladder and the suffix is ‘itis’ – Definition: inflammation. Translation: inflammation of the gallbladder.

Alphabetical Listing of Med Terms

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Medical Terminology Reference [C]

Medical Terminology- beginning with the letter C

*Check out the popular medical terminology word building reference.

Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix. It is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. Medical terminology C is used in the field of medicine, and clinical settings. This section deals with all med terms beginning with the letter C.

cac/o   bad
calc/o   calcium
calcane/o   calcaneus (heel bone)
calci/o   calcium
calcul/o, -calculia   to compute
cali/o   calyx
calic/o   calyx
calor/i   heat
campt/o   bent
capillar/o   capillary (tiniest blood vessel)
capn/o   carbon dioxide
-capnia   carbon dioxide
caps/o, capsul/o   capsule, container
carcin/o   cancerous; cancer
cari/o   caries, rottenness
cardi/o   heart
carp/o   wrist bones (carpals)
cata-   down
-cataphasia   affirmation
cathar/o, cathart/o   cleansing, purging
-cathisia, -kathisia   sitting
caud/o   tail; lower part of body
caus/o   burn; burning
cauter/o   heat; burn
cav/o, cavit/o   hollow, cavity
cec/o   cecum (first part of colon)
-cele   hernia
celi/o   belly; abdomen v
-centesis   surgical puncture to remove fluid
centr/o   center
cephal/o   head
cerebell/o   cerebellum (posterior part of the brain)
cerebr/o   cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cerumin/o   cerumen
cervic/o   neck; cervix (neck of uterus)
-chalasia   relaxation
-chalasis   relaxation
cheil/o   lip
chem/o   drug; chemical
-chezia   defecation; elimination of wastes
chir/o   hand
chlor/o   green
chlorhydr/o   hydrochloric acid
chol/e   bile; gall
cholangi/o   bile; vessel
cholecyst/o   gallbladder
choledoch/o   common bile duct
cholesterol/o   cholesterol
chondr/o   cartilage
chore/o   dance
chori/o   chorion (outermost membrane of the fetus)
chorion/o   chorion
choroid/o   choroid layer of eye
-chroia   skin coloration
chrom/o   color
chron/o   time
chrys/o   gold
chyl/o   chyle
chym/o   to pour
cib/o   meal
-cide   killing
-cidal   pertaining to killing
cine/o   movement
circum-   around
cirrh/o   orange-yellow
cis/o   to cut
-clasis   to break
-clast   to break
claustr/o   enclosed space
clavicul/o   clavicle (collar bone)
cleid/o   clavicle
clin/o   to slope, bend
-clysis   irrigation; washing
coagul/o   coagulation (clotting)
-coccus   berry-shaped bacterium
coccyg/o   coccyx (tail bone)
cochle/o   cochlea (inner part of ear)
-coimesis   sleeping
col/o   colon (large intestine)
coll/a   glue
colon/o   colon (large intestine)
colp/o   vagina
comat/o   deep sleep
comi/o   to care for
-coma   deep sleep
con-   together; with
coni/o   dust
conjunctiv/o   conjuctiva (lines of eyelids)
consci/o   awareness, aware
constrict/o   narrowing, binding
-constriction   narrowing
contra-   against; opposite
contus/o   to bruise
cor/o   pupil
core/o   pupil
corne/o   cornea
coron/o   crown or circle  (example:  Coron/ary arteries encircle
the heart)
corpor/o   body
cortic/o   cortex, outer region
cost/o   rib
cox/o   hip
crani/o   skull
cras/o   mixture; temperament
crin/o   secrete
-crine   to secrete; separate
-crit   to separate
critic/o   crisis, dangerous
cry/o   cold
crypt/o   hidden
cubit/o   elbow, forearm
culd/o   cul-de-sac
cupr/o   copper
-cusis   hearing
cutane/o   skin
cyan/o   blue
cycl/o   ciliary body of eye; cycle; circle
-cyesis   pregnancy
cyst/o   urinary bladder; cyst; sac of fluid
cyt/o   cell
-cyte   cell
-cytosis   condition of cells; slight increase in numbers

Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix. It is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. Medical terminology is used in the field of medicine, medical school classes, and clinical settings. This section deals with all med terms beginning with the letter C. Check out the word building medical terminology reference above as well.

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