GlobalRPh Medical Terminology Section

Prefixes and Suffixes Medical Terminology

Noun Suffixes


-a

(a is a noun ending)

cyanoderma (skin with a bluish discoloration)

Note: When a is used as a suffix, it is a noun ending; a can also be used as a prefix.

 

-ate

something that

hemolysate (something that results from hemolysis)

 

-e

(e is a noun ending)

dermatome (instrument used to cut the skin; e.g., thin slices of skin for grafting)

 

-emia

blood condition

hyperglycemia (blood condition in which a greater than normal level of glucose is present in the blood; high blood sugar)

 

-er

one who radiographer (one who takes and processes X-rays)

 

-esis

condition of

enuresis (condition of urinary incontinence; bed-wetting)

 

-ia

condition (ia is a noun ending)

paraplegia (condition of paralysis of the lower half of the body)

 

-iatry

medical treatment, medical profession

podiatry (treatment of diseases and disorders of the foot)

 

-ion

action, process

conduction (process in which heat is transferred from one substance to another)

 

-ism

condition

hirsutism (condition of excessive body hair in a male distribution pattern)

 

-ist

Practitioner

pharmacist (practitioner who prepares/dispenses drugs/ medications)

 

-ole

small or little

arteriole (smallest branch of the arterial circulation; small artery)

 

-osis

Condition

cyanosis (condition of blueness)

 

-tion

process of

relaxation (the process of reducing tension, as in a muscle when it relaxes after contraction)

 

-ula

small, little

macula (small, pigmented spot that appears separate from the surrounding tissue)

 

-ule

“small one”

venule (smallest vein that collects blood from a capillary)

 

-um

a suffix that identifies singular nouns

duodenum (first part of the small intestine)noun Prefixes

 

-us

a suffix that identifies singular nouns

coccus (singular bacterium)

 

-y

(y is a noun ending)

myopathy (abnormal condition of the muscle)

 


 

Increasing your understanding of medical terminology

Word Building Reference– This resource strengthens your understanding of medical terminology. See how common medical terms are created using the various prefixes, suffixes, and root words.

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n o p q r s t u v w x y z

Medical Terminology Intuitive Section Medical Terminology Noun Suffixe
This section was developed for ‘speed learning’ of medical terminology.

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m n o p q r s t u v w x y

Additional references:

Prefixes denoting numbers
Prefixes denoting position and/or direction
Prefixes denoting measurement
Medical Terminology Noun Suffixes
Combining forms for color
Common Prefixes
Adjective Suffixes
Specialties and specialists med terms
Instruments, surgical, and diagnostic procedures
Negative prefixes
Common suffixes


Quick Introduction– provides an overview and introduction to medical terminology.
Medical Terms – rules governing singular versus plural versions of medical terms are described.