GlobalRPh Medical Terminology Section
Prefixes Denoting Position and/or Direction
From, away from.
abduct (to move away from the midline of the body)
adduct (movement toward the midline of the body)
Both, both sides.
ambidextrous (able to use both hands well)
Before, in front.
antecubital (“the space” in front of the elbow)
circumoral (around the mouth)
descend (to come down from)
diagnosis (knowledge through testing)
ectopic (outside of its normal location)
endocervical (pertaining to the inner lining of the cervix)
epigastric (upon the stomach)
Out, away from, outside
extract (to remove a tooth from [away from] the oral cavity)
exogenous (originating outside the body)
extrahepatic (outside of the liver)
Under, below, beneath, less than normal
hypoglossal (under the tongue)
In, inside, within, not
intubate (to insert a tube inside [into] an organ or body cavity)
Beneath, below, under
infrapatellar (below the knee)
intercostal (between the ribs)
intravenous (within a vein)
juxtaarticular (pertaining to a location near a joint)
mesoderm (the middle of the three layers of the skin)
Near, beside, beyond, two like parts
paracervical (near, or beside, the cervix)
perianal (around the anus)
Before, in front
precordial (the region “of the chest wall” in front of the heart)
In front, before
prognosis (knowledge before)
reactivate (to make active again)
retroflexion (an abnormal position of an organ in which the organ is tilted backward)
sublingual (under the tongue)
suprapubic (above, or over, the pubic area)
transurethral (across, or through, the urethra)
Increasing your understanding of medical terminology
Word Building Reference– This resource strengthens your understanding of medical terminology. See how common medical terms are created using the various prefixes, suffixes, and root words.
Medical Terminology Intuitive Section
This section was developed for ‘speed learning’ of medical terminology.
Prefixes denoting numbers
Prefixes denoting position and/or direction
Prefixes denoting measurement
Medical Terminology Noun Suffixes
Combining forms for color
Specialties and specialists med terms
Instruments, surgical, and diagnostic procedures
Quick Introduction– provides an overview and introduction to medical terminology.
Medical Terms – rules governing singular versus plural versions of medical terms are described.