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Medical TERMINOLOGY

[ 1 ] Quick Introduction.

[ 2 ] Word Building Reference: new icon   This is a great reference to help strengthen your understanding of medical terminology.   See how common medical terms are created using the various prefixes, suffixes, and root words.

[ 3 ]  Medical Terms – Singular versus plural rules

[ 4 ]  Medical Terminology Exams  new icon   Twenty new exams were created to test your knowledge of medical terminology.

[ 5 ]  Medical Terms – Prefixes, roots, suffixes (see links below)

Prefix: A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning. Pre means “before.” Prefixes may also indicate a location, number, or time.
Root: central part of a word.
Suffix: The ending part of a word that modifies the meaning of the word.
Example: cholecystitis. Root = ‘cholecyst/o’ -Definition: gallbladder and the suffix is ‘itis’ – Definition: inflammation. Translation: inflammation of the gallbladder.

Alphabetical Listing of Med Terms

a b c d e f g h i j k l m
n o p q r s t u v w x y z

Medical Terminology Reference [G]

galact/o   milk
ganglion/o   ganglion; collection of nerve cell bodies
gastr/o   stomach
gel/o   to freeze, congeal
gemell/o   twins
-gen   substance that produces
-genesis   producing; forming
-genic   produced by or in
geni/o   chin
genit/o   reproduction
ge/o   earth, soil
ger/o   old age
geront/o   old age
gest/o   pregnancy
gester/o   pregnancy
gigant/o   huge
gingiv/o   gum
glauc/o   gray
gli/o   glial cells; neuroglial cells
-globin   protein
-globulin   protein
glomerul/o   glomerulus
gloss/o   tongue
gluc/o   glucose; sugar
glyc/o   glucose; sugar
glycogen/o   glycogen; animal starch v
glycos/o   glucose; sugar v
gnath/o   jaw
gnos/o   knowledge
gon/o   seed
gonad/o   sex glands
goni/o   angle
-grade   to go
-gram   record
granul/o   granule(s)
-graph   instrument for recording
graph/o   writing
-graphy   process of recording
gravid/o   pregnancy
-gravida   pregnant woman
gynec/o   woman; female
gyr/o   circle, spiral

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