St. Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) Examination
This tool was created to automate the scoring of the 'Saint Louis University Mental Status (SLUMS) Exam.1
This assessment tool was developed at the
Division of Geriatric Medicine, Saint Louis University School of Medicine in
affiliation with the Veterans Association. It was initially developed as a screening tool for detecting
mild cognitive impairment in a veteran population, however, it is now used in
several other patient populations. 2 This examination has
been found to measure up to the popular Montreal Cognitive
Assessment (MOCA)3 and has also been shown to be superior to
the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) in the detection of early dementia.4 For additional information, please visit the
primary source of this tool.
[Our findings suggest that the SLUMS may be an appropriate measure to use as a
screening tool among older adults and may have fewer ceiling effects than the
[Smaller Polish study: Usefulness of the SLUMS test for diagnosis of mild
cognitive impairment and dementia- according to statistical analysis it
demonstrates superior capabilities in the screening diagnosis compared to the
most famous scale used in Poland - MMSE] 5
- What day of the week is it?
- What is the year?
- What state are we in?
- Please remember these five objects. I will ask you what they are
Apple, Pen, Tie, House, Car
- You have $100 and you go to the store and buy a dozen apples for $3
and a tricycle for $20.
How much did you spend?
How much do you have left?
- Please name as many animals as you can in one minute.
- What were the five objects I asked you to remember?
1 point for each
(Apple, Pen, Tie, House, Car)
- I am going to give you a series of numbers and I would like you to
give them to me backwards. For example, if I say 42, you would say 24.
[Check if correct]
For questions 9 and 10, print the following
- This is a clock face. Please put in the hour markers and the time at ten minutes to eleven o’clock.
[Check if correct]
Hour markers okay
- [Check if correct]
Please place an X in the triangle.
Which of the above figures is largest?
- I am going to tell you a story. Please listen carefully because
afterwards, I’m going to ask you some questions about it.
|Jill was a very successful stockbroker. She made a lot of money on the
stock market. She then met Jack, a devastatingly handsome man. She married him and had three
children. They lived in Chicago. She then stopped work and stayed at home to bring up her children. When
they were teenagers, she went back to work. She and Jack lived happily ever after.
[Check if correct]
What was the female’s name?
What work did she do?
When did she go back to work?
What state did she live in?
- Ellis, Kirsten. "Aging Successfully - Saint Louis University Mental Status
(SLUMS) Exam". aging.slu.edu. Retrieved 2017-08-10. https://aging.slu.edu/index.php?page=saint-louis-university-mental-status-slums-exam
- Feliciano L, Horning SM, Klebe KJ, Anderson SL, Cornwell RE, Davis HP.
Utility of the SLUMS as a cognitive screening tool among a nonveteran
sample of older adults. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2013 Jul;21(7):623-30.
doi: 10.1016/j.jagp.2013.01.024. Epub 2013 Feb 6.
- Cummings-Vaughn LA, Chavakula NN, Malmstrom TK, Tumosa N, Morley JE,
Cruz-Oliver DM. Veterans
Affairs Saint Louis University Mental Status examination compared with the
Montreal Cognitive Assessment and the Short Test of Mental Status. J Am
Geriatr Soc. 2014 Jul;62(7):1341-6. doi: 10.1111/jgs.12874.
Epub 2014 Jun
CONCLUSION: The SLUMS examination has validity similar to that of the MoCA
and STMS for the detection of MCI, dementia, and MCI or dementia according
to the CDR.
- Tariq SH, Tumosa N, Chibnall JT, Perry MH 3rd, Morley JE. Comparison of the Saint Louis University mental status
examination and the mini-mental state examination for detecting dementia and
mild neurocognitive disorder--a pilot study. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2006
These results suggest that the SLUMS and MMSE have comparable
sensitivities, specificities, and area under the curve in detecting
dementia. Although the definition of MNCD is controversial, the authors
believe that the SLUMS is possibly better at detecting mild neurocognitive
disorder, which the MMSE failed to detect, but this needs to be further
- Szcześniak D, Rymaszewska J. The usefulness of the SLUMS
test for diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment and dementia.
Psychiatr Pol. 2016;50(2):457-72. doi: 10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/43141.
The SLUMS is not just another screening tool that can complement the range
of existing cognitive tests in Polish clinical practice, but according to
statistical analysis it demonstrates superior capabilities in the
screening diagnosis compared to the most famous scale used in Poland -