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ANDEXXA- Andexanet alfa injection

[ Usual Diluents ] [ Standard Dilution ] [ Storage and Stability ]
DESCRIPTION CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY INDICATIONS AND USAGE
CONTRAINDICATIONS PRECAUTIONS ADVERSE REACTIONS
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION HOW SUPPLIED WARNINGS
PRESCRIBING HIGHLIGHTS:  Please see package insert for additional information and possible updates to ensure safe and effective use of this medication. The authors make no claims of the accuracy of the information on ANDEXXA, andexanet or any other information contained herein; and these suggested doses are not a substitute for clinical judgment. Neither GlobalRPh Inc. nor any other party involved in the preparation of this program shall be liable for any special, consequential, or exemplary damages resulting in whole or part from any user's use of or reliance upon this material. Please read the disclaimer carefully BEFORE accessing or using this site. BY ACCESSING OR USING THIS SITE, YOU AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS SET FORTH IN THE DISCLAIMER.

Drug UPDATES:   [Drug information (pdf)]    PACKAGE INSERT

Usual Diluents top of page

(reconstituted solution is placed into an empty polyolefin or polyvinyl chloride IV bag with a volume of 250 mL or less.)

100 mg vials:    Reconstitute the 100 mg vial of ANDEXXA with 10 mL of Sterile Water for Injection, USP (SWFI)    Or     200 mg vials:  Reconstitute the 200 mg vial of ANDEXXA with 20 mL of SWFI.

  • The reconstituted solution contains coagulation factor Xa (recombinant), inactivated-zhzo at a concentration of 10 mg/mL.
  • Reconstituted ANDEXXA in vials is stable at room temperature for up to eight hours, or may be stored for up to 24 hours at 2°C to 8°C.
  • Reconstituted ANDEXXA in IV bags is stable at room temperature for up to eight hours.

 

Standard Dilutions   [Amt of drug] [Infusion vol] [Infusion rate] top of page

IV Bolus Preparation:    Determine total number of vials required (see Table 1).
100 mg vials:    Reconstitute the 100 mg vial of ANDEXXA with 10 mL of Sterile Water for Injection, USP (SWFI)    Or     200 mg vials:  Reconstitute the 200 mg vial of ANDEXXA with 20 mL of SWFI.Use a 20-mL (or larger) syringe and 20-gauge (or higher) needle.  Slowly inject the SWFI, directing the solution onto the inside wall of the vial to minimize foaming.  To reduce the total reconstitution time needed during preparation, reconstitute all required vials in succession.To ensure dissolution of the cake or powder, gently swirl each vial until complete dissolution of powder occurs. Do not shake; shaking could lead to foaming. Typical dissolution time for each vial is approximately three to five minutes. If dissolution is incomplete, discard the vial, and do not use the product.   Upon reconstitution, the parenteral drug product should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration.Use 60-mL (or larger) syringe with a 20-gauge (or higher) needle to withdraw the reconstituted ANDEXXA solution from each of the vials until the required dosing volume is achieved. Note the total volume withdrawn into the syringe.   Transfer the ANDEXXA solution from the syringe into an empty polyolefin or polyvinyl chloride IV bag with a volume of 250 mL or less.   Discard the syringe and needle.  Discard the vials, including any unused portion.

Continuous IV Infusion Preparation

  • Follow the same procedure outlined above for IV bolus preparation. Reconstitute the total number of vials needed based on the dose requirements. More than one 40 to 60-mL syringe, or an equivalent 100-mL syringe, may be used for transfer of reconstituted solution to the IV bag.
  • Infusion will require a 0.2 or 0.22 micron in-line polyethersulfone or equivalent low protein-binding filter.

2.3 Administration

  • Upon reconstitution, the parenteral drug product should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration.
  • Administer ANDEXXA intravenously, using a 0.2 or 0.22 micron in-line polyethersulfone or equivalent low protein-binding filter.
  • Start the bolus at a target rate of approximately 30 mg/min.
  • Within two minutes following the bolus dose, administer the continuous IV infusion for up to 120 minutes.

 

WARNINGS  top of page

See warnings and precautions below.

WARNING:
WARNING: THROMBOEMBOLIC RISKS, ISCHEMIC RISKS, CARDIAC ARREST, AND SUDDEN DEATHSTreatment with ANDEXXA has been associated with serious and life-threatening adverse events, including: (5.1)

  • Arterial and venous thromboembolic events
  • Ischemic events, including myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Sudden deaths

Monitor for thromboembolic events and initiate anticoagulation when medically appropriate. Monitor for symptoms and signs that precede cardiac arrest and provide treatment as needed.

 

DESCRIPTION OF ANDEXXA   top of page

Description:

ANDEXXA (coagulation factor Xa (recombinant), inactivated-zhzo) is a sterile, white to off-white lyophilized powder available in single-use vials. The Generation 2 product is produced using a modified Generation 1 manufacturing process.

Each 100 mg vial delivers 100 mg of coagulation factor Xa formulated with the inactive ingredients tromethamine (Tris), L-arginine hydrochloride, sucrose (2% w/v), mannitol (5% w/v), and polysorbate 80 (0.01% w/v) at pH 7.8.

Each 200 mg vial delivers 200 mg of coagulation factor Xa formulated with the inactive ingredients tromethamine (Tris base), Tris hydrochloride, L-arginine hydrochloride, sucrose (1% w/v), mannitol (2.5% w/v), and polysorbate 80 (0.01% w/v) at pH 7.8.

andexanet alfa andexxa
Andexanet alfa

After reconstitution of the lyophilized powder with SWFI for IV administration, the product is a clear, colorless to slightly yellow solution. ANDEXXA contains no preservatives.

The active ingredient in ANDEXXA is a genetically modified variant of human FXa. The active site serine was substituted with alanine, rendering the molecule unable to cleave and activate prothrombin. The gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla) domain was removed to eliminate the protein's ability to assemble into the prothrombinase complex, thus removing the potential anti-coagulant effects.

No additives of human or animal origin are used in the manufacture of ANDEXXA. The recombinant protein is produced in a genetically engineered Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell expression system and has a molecular weight of approximately 41 kDa. The manufacturing process incorporates two validated virus clearance steps.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY OF ANDEXXA: top of page

Mechanism of Action:

Coagulation factor Xa (recombinant), inactivated-zhzo exerts its procoagulant effect by binding and sequestering the FXa inhibitors, rivaroxaban and apixaban. Another observed procoagulant effect of the ANDEXXA protein is its ability to bind to, and inhibit the activity of Tissue Factor Pathway Inhibitor (TFPI). Inhibition of TFPI activity can increase tissue factor (TF)-initiated thrombin generation.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE  top of page

INDICATIONS AND USAGE:

ANDEXXA is indicated for patients treated with rivaroxaban or apixaban, when reversal of anticoagulation is needed due to life-threatening or uncontrolled bleeding.

This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on the change from baseline in anti-FXa activity in healthy volunteers. An improvement in hemostasis has not been established. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon the results of studies that demonstrate an improvement in hemostasis in patients.

Limitations of Use
ANDEXXA has not been shown to be effective for, and is not indicated for, the treatment of bleeding related to any FXa inhibitors other than apixaban or rivaroxaban.

CONTRAINDICATIONS top of page

Contraindications:

None.

PRECAUTIONS top of page

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS:

5.1 Thromboembolic and Ischemic Risks

The thromboembolic and ischemic risks were assessed in 185 patients who received the Generation 1 product and in 124 patients who received the Generation 2 product. The median time to first event was six days, and patients were observed for these events for 30 days following the ANDEXXA infusion. Of the 86 patients who received the Generation 1 product and were re-anticoagulated prior to a thrombotic event, 11 (12.7%) patients experienced a thromboembolic event, ischemic event, cardiac event, or death.

Monitor patients treated with ANDEXXA for signs and symptoms of arterial and venous thromboembolic events, ischemic events, and cardiac arrest. To reduce thromboembolic risk, resume anticoagulant therapy as soon as medically appropriate following treatment with ANDEXXA.

The safety of ANDEXXA has not been evaluated in patients who experienced thromboembolic events or disseminated intravascular coagulation within two weeks prior to the life-threatening bleeding event requiring treatment with ANDEXXA. Safety of ANDEXXA also has not been evaluated in patients who received prothrombin complex concentrates, recombinant factor VIIa, or whole blood products within seven days prior to the bleeding event.

5.2 Re-elevation or Incomplete Reversal of Anti-FXa Activity

The time course of anti-FXa activity following ANDEXXA administration was consistent among the healthy volunteer studies and the ANNEXA-4 study in bleeding patients [see Clinical Studies (14)]. Compared to baseline, there was a rapid and substantial decrease in anti-FXa activity corresponding to the ANDEXXA bolus. This decrease was sustained through the end of the ANDEXXA continuous infusion. The anti-FXa activity returned to the placebo levels approximately two hours after completion of a bolus or continuous infusion. Subsequently, the anti-FXa activity decreased at a rate similar to the clearance of the FXa inhibitors.

Thirty-eight patients who received the Generation 1 product were anticoagulated with apixaban and had baseline levels of anti-FXa activity > 150 ng/mL. Nineteen of these 38 (50%) patients experienced a > 93% decrease from baseline anti-FXa activity after administration of ANDEXXA. Eleven patients who were anticoagulated with rivaroxaban had baseline anti-FXa activity levels > 300 ng/mL. Five of the 11 patients experienced a > 90% decrease from baseline anti-FXa activity after administration of ANDEXXA. Anti-FXa activity levels for patients who received the Generation 2 product were not available.

 

ADVERSE REACTIONS ASSOCIATED with ANDEXXA  top of page

ADVERSE REACTIONS:

See PACKAGE INSERT for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION and Medication Guide. Drug information (pdf)

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION  top of page

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION:
For intravenous (IV) use only.
Drug information (pdf)2.1 DoseThere are two dosing regimens (see Table 1). The safety and efficacy of an additional dose have not been established.===========================================
Table 1: ANDEXXA Dosing Regimens

Dose* Initial IV Bolus Follow-On IV Infusion Total Number of 200 mg Vials Total Number of 100 mg Vials
*The safety and effectiveness of more than one dose have not been evaluated.
Low Dose 400 mg at a target rate of 30 mg/min 4 mg/min for up to 120 minutes (480 mg) 5
(2 vials bolus + 3 vials infusion)
9
(4 vials bolus + 5 vials infusion)
High Dose 800 mg at a target rate of 30 mg/min 8 mg/min for up to 120 minutes (960 mg) 9
(4 vials bolus + 5 vials infusion)
18
(8 vials bolus + 10 vials infusion)

The recommended dosing of ANDEXXA is based on the specific FXa inhibitor, dose of FXa inhibitor, and time since the patient's last dose of FXa inhibitor (see Table 2).

===========================================

Table 2: ANDEXXA Dose Based on Rivaroxaban or Apixaban Dose (Timing of Last Dose of FXa Inhibitor before ANDEXXA Initiation)

FXa Inhibitor FXa Inhibitor Last Dose < 8 Hours or Unknown geq 8 Hours
Rivaroxaban leq 10 mg Low Dose Low Dose
> 10 mg or Unknown High Dose
Apixaban leq 5 mg Low Dose
> 5 mg or Unknown High Dose

===========================================

2.2 Reconstitution

    • The reconstituted solution contains coagulation factor Xa (recombinant), inactivated-zhzo at a concentration of 10 mg/mL.
    • Reconstituted ANDEXXA in vials is stable at room temperature for up to eight hours, or may be stored for up to 24 hours at 2°C to 8°C.

 

  • Reconstituted ANDEXXA in IV bags is stable at room temperature for up to eight hours.

IV Bolus Preparation
Determine total number of vials required (see Table 1).
100 mg vials:    Reconstitute the 100 mg vial of ANDEXXA with 10 mL of Sterile Water for Injection, USP (SWFI)
Or
200 mg vials:  Reconstitute the 200 mg vial of ANDEXXA with 20 mL of SWFI.

Use a 20-mL (or larger) syringe and 20-gauge (or higher) needle.  Slowly inject the SWFI, directing the solution onto the inside wall of the vial to minimize foaming.  To reduce the total reconstitution time needed during preparation, reconstitute all required vials in succession.

To ensure dissolution of the cake or powder, gently swirl each vial until complete dissolution of powder occurs. Do not shake; shaking could lead to foaming. Typical dissolution time for each vial is approximately three to five minutes. If dissolution is incomplete, discard the vial, and do not use the product.   Upon reconstitution, the parenteral drug product should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration.

Use 60-mL (or larger) syringe with a 20-gauge (or higher) needle to withdraw the reconstituted ANDEXXA solution from each of the vials until the required dosing volume is achieved. Note the total volume withdrawn into the syringe.   Transfer the ANDEXXA solution from the syringe into an empty polyolefin or polyvinyl chloride IV bag with a volume of 250 mL or less.
--------------------------------
Discard the syringe and needle.

Discard the vials, including any unused portion.

Continuous IV Infusion Preparation

  • Follow the same procedure outlined above for IV bolus preparation. Reconstitute the total number of vials needed based on the dose requirements. More than one 40 to 60-mL syringe, or an equivalent 100-mL syringe, may be used for transfer of reconstituted solution to the IV bag.
  • Infusion will require a 0.2 or 0.22 micron in-line polyethersulfone or equivalent low protein-binding filter.

2.3 Administration

  • Upon reconstitution, the parenteral drug product should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration.
  • Administer ANDEXXA intravenously, using a 0.2 or 0.22 micron in-line polyethersulfone or equivalent low protein-binding filter.
  • Start the bolus at a target rate of approximately 30 mg/min.
  • Within two minutes following the bolus dose, administer the continuous IV infusion for up to 120 minutes.

2.4 Restarting Antithrombotic Therapy
Patients treated with FXa inhibitor therapy have underlying disease states that predispose them to thromboembolic events. Reversing FXa inhibitor therapy exposes patients to the thrombotic risk of their underlying disease. To reduce the risk of thrombosis, resume anticoagulant therapy as soon as medically appropriate following treatment with ANDEXXA.

 

HOW ANDEXXA IS SUPPLIED  top of page

DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS:

ANDEXXA is available as a white to off-white lyophilized powder in single-use vials of 100 mg or 200 mg of coagulation factor Xa (recombinant), inactivated-zhzo.

Storage and Stability top of page

ANDEXXA is available as a white to off-white lyophilized powder in single-use vials of 100 mg or 200 mg of coagulation factor Xa (recombinant), inactivated-zhzo.

4 single use vials in a carton, each vial containing 100 mg of ANDEXXA

4 single use vials in a carton, each vial containing 200 mg of ANDEXXA

Storage and Handling

Unopened vials should be stored refrigerated at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F). DO NOT FREEZE.

Disclaimer

The authors make no claims of the accuracy of the information contained herein; and these suggested doses are not a substitute for clinical judgment. Neither GlobalRPh Inc. nor any other party involved in the preparation of this program shall be liable for any special, consequential, or exemplary damages resulting in whole or part from any user’s use of or reliance upon this material.PLEASE READ THE DISCLAIMER CAREFULLY BEFORE ACCESSING OR USING THIS SITE. BY ACCESSING OR USING THIS SITE, YOU AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS SET FORTH IN THE DISCLAIMER. Read the disclaimer