Staphylococcus saprophyticus

Background:

>Staphylococcus Coagulase-negative species:
     1] Staph epidermidis
     2] Staph. haemolyticus
     3] Staph lugdunensis
     4] Staph saprophyticus led
     5] Staph hominis
     6] Staph capitis

Staphylococcus saprophyticus:

  • gram positive and coagulase-negative species of Staphylococcus bacteria.
  • Often implicated in urinary tract infections (10-20% of UTIs).
  • In females between the ages of about 17-27 it is the second most common causative agent of acute UTIs, after Escherichia coli.
  • Phosphatase-negative, urease- and lipase-positive.

 

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Therapy:

Important considerations:  The choice of an agent should be based on local antimicrobial sensitivities, site of infection, cost, and comorbid conditions.   Generally, the most common agents/regimens are listed first.   Listed dosages may need to be adjusted for renal dysfunction.
 

  1. Bactrim DS (TMP-SMX)  po bid
  2. Cephalexin 500mg orally every 6 hours
  3. Augmentin 875/125 mg orally twice daily
  4. Levofloxacin 500 mg IV/PO once daily
  5. Ciprofloxacin 250-500 mg orally or 200-400mg IV  q12h.
  6. Norfloxacin 400mg orally twice daily.

Disclaimer

The authors make no claims of the accuracy of the information contained herein; and these suggested doses are not a substitute for clinical judgment. Neither GlobalRPh Inc. nor any other party involved in the preparation of this program shall be liable for any special, consequential, or exemplary damages resulting in whole or part from any user’s use of or reliance upon this material.PLEASE READ THE DISCLAIMER CAREFULLY BEFORE ACCESSING OR USING THIS SITE. BY ACCESSING OR USING THIS SITE, YOU AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS SET FORTH IN THE DISCLAIMER. Read the disclaimer