Non-fermenting Gram-negative bacilli
[cannot catabolize glucose and therefore are not able to ferment. Non-spore forming.]
1] Burkholderia cepacia (also known as Pseudomonas cepacia) – important
pathogen of pulmonary infections in people with cystic fibrosis.
2] Burkholderia pseudomallei (also known as Pseudomonas pseudomallei)
>Elizabethkingia meningoseptica (Previously Chryseobacterium meningosepticum)
>Moraxella catarrhalis (formerly known as Branhamella catarrhalis)
>Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (Initially classified as Pseudomonas maltophilia)
| Important considerations: The choice of an agent should be based on local antimicrobial sensitivities, site of infection, cost, and comorbid conditions. Generally, the most common agents/regimens are listed first. Listed dosages may need to be adjusted for renal dysfunction.
Achromobacter xylosoxidans: Usually resistant to multiple antibiotics which complicates therapy.