Mandol (cefamandole) is indicated for the treatment of serious infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the diseases listed below:
Lower respiratory infections, including pneumonia, caused by S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, Klebsiella spp., S. aureus (penicillinase- and non-penicillinase-producing), (beta)-hemolytic streptococci, and P. mirabilis
Urinary tract infections caused by E. coli, Proteus spp. (both indole-negative and indole-positive), Enterobacter spp., Klebsiella spp., group D streptococci (Note: Most enterococci, eg, E. faecalis, are resistant), and S. epidermidis
Peritonitis caused by E. coli and Enterobacter spp.
Septicemia caused by E. coli, S. aureus (penicillinase- and non-penicillinase-producing), S. pneumoniae, S. pyogenes (group A (beta)-hemolytic streptococci), H. influenzae, and Klebsiella spp.
Skin and skin structure infections caused by S. aureus (penicillinase- and non-penicillinase-producing), S. pyogenes (group A (beta)-hemolytic streptococci), H. influenzae, E. coli, Enterobacter spp., and P. mirabilis
Bone and joint infections caused by S. aureus (penicillinase- and non-penicillinase-producing)
Clinical microbiologic studies in nongonococcal pelvic inflammatory disease in females, lower respiratory infections, and skin infections frequently reveal the growth of susceptible strains of both aerobic and anaerobic organisms. Mandol (cefamandole) has been used successfully in those infections in which several organisms have been isolated. Most strains of B. fragilis are resistant in vitro; however, infections caused by susceptible strains have been treated successfully.
Specimens for bacteriologic cultures should be obtained in order to isolate and identify causative organisms and to determine their susceptibilities to cefamandol (cefamandole) e. Therapy may be instituted before results of susceptibility studies are known; however, once these results become available, the antibiotic treatment should be adjusted accordingly.
In certain cases of confirmed or suspected gram-positive or gram-negative sepsis or in patients with other serious infections in which the causative organism has not been identified, Mandol (cefamandole) may be used concomitantly with an aminoglycoside ( see Precautions ). The recommended doses of both antibiotics may be given, depending on the severity of the infection and the patient's condition. The renal function of the patient should be carefully monitored, especially if higher dosages of the antibiotics are to be administered.
Antibiotic therapy of (beta)-hemolytic streptococcal infections should continue for at least 10 days.
Preventive Therapy The administration of Mandol (cefamandole) preoperatively, intraoperatively, and postoperatively may reduce the incidence of certain postoperative infections in patients undergoing surgical procedures that are classified as contaminated or potentially contaminated (eg, gastrointestinal surgery, cesarean section, vaginal hysterectomy, or cholecystectomy in high-risk patients such as those with acute cholecystitis, obstructive jaundice, or common-bile-duct stones).
In major surgery in which the risk of postoperative infection is low but serious (cardiovascular surgery, neurosurgery, or prosthetic arthroplasty), Mandol (cefamandole) may be effective in preventing such infections.
If signs of infection occur, specimens for culture should be obtained for identification of the causative organism so that appropriate antibiotic therapy may be instituted.