Ondansetron (Zofran ®)
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Standard Dilutions [Amount of drug] [Infusion volume] [Infusion rate]
|[All doses] [50 ml] [15 min]|
Stability / Miscellaneous
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION------------------------------------------
Prevention of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting
Adults: The recommended adult intravenous dosage of ZOFRAN is 4 mg undiluted administered intravenously in not less than 30 seconds, preferably over 2 to 5 minutes, immediately before induction of anesthesia, or postoperatively if the patient did not receive prophylactic antiemetics and experiences nausea and/or vomiting occurring within 2 hours after surgery. Alternatively, 4 mg undiluted may be administered intramuscularly as a single injection for adults. While recommended as a fixed dose for patients weighing more than 40 kg, few patients above 80 kg have been studied. In patients who do not achieve adequate control of postoperative nausea and vomiting following a single, prophylactic, preinduction, intravenous dose of ondansetron 4 mg, administration of a second intravenous dose of 4 mg ondansetron postoperatively does not provide additional control of nausea and vomiting.
Vial: REQUIRES NO DILUTION FOR ADMINISTRATION FOR POSTOPERATIVE NAUSEA AND VOMITING.
Dosage Adjustment for Patients with Impaired Renal Function: The dosage recommendation is the same as for the general population. There is no experience beyond the first-day administration of ondansetron.
Dosage Adjustment for Patients with Impaired Hepatic Function: In patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh2 score of 10 or greater), a single maximal daily dose of 8 mg to be infused over 15 minutes beginning 30 minutes before the start of the emetogenic chemotherapy is recommended. There is no experience beyond first-day administration of ondansetron.
Stability: Ondansetron injection, USP is stable at room temperature under normal lighting conditions for 48 hours after dilution with the following I.V. fluids: 0.9% sodium chloride injection, 5 % dextrose injection, 5% dextrose and 0.9% sodium chloride injection, 5% dextrose and 0.45% sodium chloride injection, and 3% sodium chloride injection.
Although ondansetron injection, USP is chemically and physically stable when diluted as recommended, sterile precautions should be observed because diluents generally do not contain preservative. After dilution, do not use beyond 24 hours.
Note: Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration before administration whenever solution and container permit.
Precaution: Occasionally, ondansetron precipitates at the stopper/vial interface in vials stored upright. Potency and safety are not affected. If a precipitate is observed, resolubilize by shaking the vial vigorously.
Store between 20° and 25°C (68° and 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Protect from light.
Source: [package insert]