BRETYLIUM TOSYLATE INJECTION
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Standard Dilutions [Amount of drug] [Infusion volume] [Infusion rate]
| [500 mg] [50-100 ml] [Titrate]
[2 grams] [250 ml ] [Titrate]
Package insert guidelines (below)....
Stability / Miscellaneous
| EXP: 1 Day (RT). Usual continuous infusion rate: 1-2 mg/min (0.5 to 4 mg/min).
Renal impairment: 10-50/ 50% of dose. <10/ 25% of dose. Side effects: bradycardia/hypotension/ N&V.
Calculation of drip rate: (code blue: 1 gram/500 ml D5W: 1 mg/min= 30 ml/hr )
Bretylium tosylate is also indicated in the treatment of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias, such as ventricular tachycardia, that have failed to respond to adequate doses of a first-line antiarrhythmic agent, such as lidocaine.
Use of BRETYLIUM TOSYLATE INJECTION should be limited to intensive care units, coronary care units or other facilities where equipment and personnel for constant monitoring of cardiac arrhythmias and blood pressure are available.
Following injection of BRETYLIUM TOSYLATE INJECTION there may be a delay of 20 minutes to 2 hours in the onset of antiarrhythmic action, although it appears to act within minutes in ventricular fibrillation. The delay in effect appears to be longer after intramuscular than after intravenous injection.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
A. For immediately Life-threatening Ventricular Arrhythmias such as Ventricular Fibrillation or Hemodynamically Unstable Ventricular Tachycardia:
Administer undiluted BRETYLIUM TOSYLATE INJECTION at a dosage of 5mg/kg of body weight by rapid intravenous injection. Other usual cardiopulmonary resuscitative procedures, including electrical cardioversion, should be employed prior to and following the injection in accordance with good medical practice. If ventricular fibrillation persists, the dosage may be increased to 10mg/kg and repeated as necessary.
For continuous suppression, dilute Bretylium Tosylate Injection with Dextrose Injection, USP or Sodium Chloride Injection, USP using the table below and administer the diluted solution as a constant infusion of 1 to 2mg Bretylium Tosylate Injection per minute, (see Table below). When administering Bretylium Tosylate Injection (or any potent medication) by continuous intravenous infusion, it is advisable to use a precision volume control device. An alternative maintenance schedule is to infuse the diluted solution at a dosage of 5 to 10mg Bretylium Tosylate per kg body weight, over a period greater than 8 minutes, every 6 hours. More rapid infusion may cause nausea and vomiting, and in patients older than 65 years, may increase the risk of developing orthostatic hypotension.
B. Other ventricular arrhythmias:
1) Intravenous Use: Bretylium tosylate injection must be diluted as described above before intravenous use.
Administer the diluted solution at a dosage of 5 to 10mg bretylium tosylate per kg of body weight by intravenous infusion over a period greater than 8 minutes. More rapid infusion may cause nausea and vomiting, and in patients older than 65 years, may increase the risk of developing orthostatic hypotension. Subsequent doses may be given at 1 to 2 hour intervals if the arrhythmia persists.
For maintenance therapy, the same dosage may be administered every 6 hours, or a constant infusion of 1 to 2mg bretylium tosylate per minute may be given, (See following table).
Suggested Bretylium Tosylate Injection Admixture Dilution and Administration rates for Continuous Infusion Maintenance Therapy Arranged in Descending Order of Concentration.
*lV fluid may be either Dextrose Injection, USP or Sodium Chloride Injection, USP. This table does not consider the overfill volume present in the IV fluids.
2) For Intramuscular Injection: DO NOT DILUTE BRETYLIUM TOSYLATE INJECTION PRIOR TO INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTION.
Inject 5 to 10mg bretylium tosylate per kg of body weight. Subsequent doses may be given at 1 to 2 hour intervals if the arrhythmia persists. Thereafter, maintain the same dosage every 6 to 8 hours. Intramuscular injection should not be made directly into or near a major nerve, and the site of injection should be varied on repeated injection.
Not more than 5mL should be injected intramuscularly in one site. (See package insert for PRECAUTONS) As soon as possible, and when indicated, patients should be changed to an oral antiarrhythmic agent for maintenance therapy.
Note: Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.
Source: [package insert]