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Medical TERMINOLOGY

[ 1 ] Quick Introduction.

[ 2 ] Word Building Reference: new icon   This is a great reference to help strengthen your understanding of medical terminology.   See how common medical terms are created using the various prefixes, suffixes, and root words.

[ 3 ]  Medical Terms – Singular versus plural rules

[ 4 ]  Medical Terminology Exams  new icon   Twenty new exams were created to test your knowledge of medical terminology.

[ 5 ]  Medical Terms – Prefixes, roots, suffixes (see links below)

Prefix: A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning. Pre means “before.” Prefixes may also indicate a location, number, or time.
Root: central part of a word.
Suffix: The ending part of a word that modifies the meaning of the word.
Example: cholecystitis. Root = ‘cholecyst/o’ -Definition: gallbladder and the suffix is ‘itis’ – Definition: inflammation. Translation: inflammation of the gallbladder.

Alphabetical Listing of Med Terms

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n o p q r s t u v w x y z

Medical Terminology Reference [H]

half   demi, hemi, semi
hallucin/o   hallucination
hapl/o   simple, single
helc/o   ulcer
heli/o   sun
-helminth   worm
hem/o   blood
hemat/o   blood
hemi-   half
hemoglobin/o   hemoglobin
hepat/o   liver
heredo-   heredity
herni/o   hernia
-hexia   habit
hidr/o   sweat
hirsut/o   hairy
hirund/i   leech
hist/o   tissue
histi/o   tissue
holo-   entire, complete 
home/o   sameness; unchanging; constant 
hormon/o   hormone
hymen/o   hymen
humer/o   humerus
hydr/o   water
hygr/o   moisture 
hyper-   above; excessive 
hypn/o   sleep
hypo-   deficient; below; under; less than normal 
hypophys/o   pituitary gland 
hypothalam/o   hypothalamus 
hypsi-   high
hyster/o   uterus; womb

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