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Medical TERMINOLOGY

[ 1 ] Quick Introduction.

[ 2 ] Word Building Reference: new icon   This is a great reference to help strengthen your understanding of medical terminology.   See how common medical terms are created using the various prefixes, suffixes, and root words.

[ 3 ]  Medical Terms – Singular versus plural rules

[ 4 ]  Medical Terminology Exams  new icon   Twenty new exams were created to test your knowledge of medical terminology.

[ 5 ]  Medical Terms – Prefixes, roots, suffixes (see links below)

Prefix: A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning. Pre means “before.” Prefixes may also indicate a location, number, or time.
Root: central part of a word.
Suffix: The ending part of a word that modifies the meaning of the word.
Example: cholecystitis. Root = ‘cholecyst/o’ -Definition: gallbladder and the suffix is ‘itis’ – Definition: inflammation. Translation: inflammation of the gallbladder.

Alphabetical Listing of Med Terms

a b c d e f g h i j k l m
n o p q r s t u v w x y z

Medical Terminology Reference

bacill/o   bacilli (bacteria)
bacteri/o   bacteria
balan/o   glans penis 
bar/o   pressure; weight 
bartholin/o   Bartholin glands 
bary-   weight, pressure 
-basia   walking 
bas/o   base; opposite of acid 
batho-, bathy-   deep, depth
bi-   two
bi/o   life
bil/i   bile; gall 
bilirubin/o   bilirubin
-blast   embryonic; immature cell 
-blastoma   immature tumor (cells) 
blenn/o   mucus
blephar/o   eyelid
bol/o   cast; throw 
-boulia   will
brachi/o   arm
brachy-   short
brady-   slow
brom/o   bromine-containing compound, odor 
bronch/o   bronchial tube 
bronchi/o   bronchial tube 
bronchiol/o   bronchiole
bucc/o   cheek
bunion/o   bunion
burs/o   bursa (sac of fluid near joints) 
byssin/o   cotton dust 

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