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Bacterial Strains - Enterobacteriaceae (Gram Negative Bacilli)

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Bacterial Strain Sections

Enterobacteriaceae  (Gram Negative Bacilli)

Empiric drug regimens listed for the various bacterial strains are for ADULT patients with normal renal function. Review the relevant package insert for additional prescribing information.

Enterobacteriaceae:   
  • Large family of Gram-negative bacteria that includes many of the more familiar pathogens, such as Salmonella, Escherichia coli, Yersinia pestis, Klebsiella and Shigella, Proteus, Enterobacter, Serratia, and Citrobacter.
  • -Several are present in the human intestinal tract (normal part of the gut flora).
  • -Facultative anaerobes.  Most also reduce nitrate to nitrite.
  • -Many have multiple flagella (however, a few species are nonmotile).
  • -Non-spore forming.  
  • -Variable catalase reactions among the species.
  • -Some strains produce highly toxic endotoxins
  • -Source (accessed 9/2013): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterobacteriaceae


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Enterobacteriaceae  (Gram Negative Bacilli)  
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>Citrobacter species:
     1] Citrobacter koseri
     2] Citrobacter freundii
>Enterobacter species
     1] Enterobacter cloacae,
     2] Enterobacter aerogenes)
>Escherichia coli
>Klebsiella species:
     1] Klebsiella ozaenae
     2] Klebsiella pneumoniae
     3] Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis
>Morganella species 
     1] (Morganella morganii)
>Proteus species:
     1] Proteus mirabilis
     2] Proteus vulgaris
>Providencia species:
     1] Providencia_rettgeri
     2] Providencia stuartii
>Salmonella species:
     1] Salmonella enteritidis
     2] Salmonella typhi
     3] Other
>Serratia marcescens
>Shigella species:  
     1] Shigella dysenteriae (serogroup A)
     2] Shigella flexneri
     3] Shigella boydii
     4] Shigella sonnei
     5] Other

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